garage-door-basics Garage Door Repair Basics

Garage Door Repair Basics

It is not uncommon for many people to be unfamiliar with garage door terminology. You can contact your door doctor Montreal technician for in-depth details. Here we have discussed some of the more common garage door problems you can experience, let’s do a review of garage door basics. This will help you have a better understanding of what can go wrong.

Garage Door Basics

There are several working parts and components which make up the entire garage door system. These can be broken down into three specific categories: the door itself, hardware components, and weather-stripping.


There is some general information you need to know in regard to the door itself, which can affect how it functions.
  • Garage doors can open either vertically (up and down) or horizontally (left and right).
  • Garage doors can be insulated or uninsulated.
  • Insulated doors are ideal for the warmer Florida climates, as well as in colder northern climates.
  • Insulated doors have an R-value, which tells you how effective they are at insulating your garage.
  • Doors with higher R-values have more insulation to keep out the hot and cold.
  • Certain types of doors are better at standing up to tropical storms and hurricanes.
  • Garage doors can be made from aluminum, vinyl, wood, steel, fiberglass, and PVC materials.
  • Some styles of doors will feature windows as part of their design.
  • The most common types of door used on homes in Florida are vertically opening, sectional doors.

Hardware Components

When it comes to the garage door’s hardware, this is where things can start to become a bit confusing for most people. If you look at the backside of the door, you will see a variety of components. These work together in perfect harmony to open and close the door when everything is working correctly. Garage Door Basics Lifting Cables: Your door could have lifting cables, which are attached to the door’s springs and aid in opening and closing it. Springs: Springs are an essential part of the counterweight system used in garage doors. This system is what makes it possible to open and close the door with one hand. Springs are typically one huge coil at the top of the door. Some designs also have secondary springs located over the door tracks. Secondary springs are more common on heavier styles of doors. Hinges: The hinges are located in between each sectional piece of the door. They help to keep the door in place and allow each section to bend as the door is opened or closed. You can tell the quality of the door by looking at the hinges. Better-quality doors use double hinges, which better support the weight of each door section. Door Rollers: On the side of garage doors are small rollers or wheels. As the door is opened and closed, the wheels should turn freely inside the door tracks. If you want a quieter opening door, consider upgrading from galvanized steel to nylon door rollers. Door Tracks: The tracks are those metal pieces attached to the sides of the doors to allow it to open and close easily. In most homes, the tracks are suspended and secured to the garage’s ceiling. Garage Door Opener: The opener is a motorized device attached to the garage door to automate opening and closing. The opener has its own specific parts and components, including a lifting arm, manual disconnect, and chains. For any repairs, it is best advised you do not attempt to fix the problem yourself. Contact your Door Doctor Montreal technician to fix it for you.

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